Skip to content
Maine Coon cat breed

Maine Coon cat breed

The Maine Coon cat is a gentle giant with looks and a loveable temperament, ideal for families. Learn all about the Maine Coon cat breed, from its lifespan to price and more.

Pet insurance provided by Pinnacle Insurance plc. Information on how we collect and use your personal data is available to read in our Privacy Policy

Maine Coon breed information and advice

The Maine Coon cat originated in the state of Maine in north-eastern America. ‘Coon’ refers to the ringed bushy tail which resembles a racoon’s tail. It’s believed that seafarers brought over longhaired cats to the US from Europe. These mated with domestic shorthairs to produce the large, sturdy cat with a brush-like tail that is the Maine Coon of today.

The laid back and affectionate nature of this breed makes it an ideal cat for families with children and households with dogs (if they’re cat-friendly). This beautiful cat, with its friendly temperament, is very loveable and this guide tells you everything you need to know about them.

Maine Coon facts

Maine Coon
Lifespan 10-13 years
How much over £500 for a purebred kitten; over £1,500 for an adult cat
Size 25-40cm
Weight 3-8kg – males are larger than females
Grooming 2-3 times a week
Temperament good-natured, intelligent and affectionate
Exercise 15-20 minutes a day of interactive playtime, climbing or walking on a lead

Maine Coon cat insurance

Maine Coon cats can be prone to certain health problems in addition to the usual conditions associated with ageing. Maine Coon insurance can help with vet bills for the cost of your cat’s treatment. This can include any medication, vet prescribed complementary treatment or surgery.

Common Maine Coon cat health conditions include:

Sainsbury’s Bank Pet Insurance for Maine Coon cats

Sainsbury’s Bank can provide your Maine Coon with cat cover from when they’re a kitten into their old age. New policies can be taken out from 8 weeks old all the way up to their 10th birthday. Once you have cover in place with us, you can insure your Maine Coon cat up to any age as long as you keep renewing the policy without a break.

Sainsbury’s Bank offers a range of cat insurance policies to suit your needs and budget:

  1. Time limited insurance covers your Maine Coon for up to 12 months or the maximum amount of your policy.
  2. Maximum benefit covers up to the maximum amount for each condition.
  3. Lifetime insurance covers you up to the maximum amount in your policy each year.

Pet insurance may cover vet fees for illness, injury, and other expenses, such as:

  • Dental cover
  • Vet treatments
  • Physiotherapy
  • Behavioural issues
  • Overseas vet treatments

Please note that we won't cover any pre-existing conditions and that terms, conditions, excesses, exclusions and limitations apply.

How to care for a Maine Coon

Maine Coon cats don’t need special care apart from regular grooming. As with any other cat, they need a balanced diet and exercise, so they don’t become overweight and stay in good condition.

Regular vaccinations and flea and worm treatments will help to keep your feline friend in tip top condition. Ask your vet about options during your cat’s check-up.

Maine Coon cats like to drink from running water, so a cat fountain can be a good addition in place of a drinking bowl.

Feeding and nutrition

The Maine Coon can take three to five years to become fully mature. They should have a cat food that matches their age, size, activity level and considers any specific health conditions. To ensure you feed them the right amount, always check the guidelines on the packaging.

There are so many commercially prepared cat foods available you may not know which one is best for your Maine Coon. If you’re unsure what food to go for, speak to your vet who will be happy to help you and give you advice on what’s best.


Despite having a fairly long coat, the Maine Coon doesn’t require a lot of grooming. Cats tend to keep themselves clean. Maine Coons’ hair isn’t prone to matting or knotting. Regular combing or brushing once or twice a week should be enough to keep the coat in good condition. It might also need a bath every now and again.

The Main Coon’s coat is thick, with a semi-long undercoat, which is covered by a silky topcoat. Coat colours can include white, black, red, brown, and even golden. With over 64 possible combinations, patterns can range from smoke and classic to mackerel tabby – and even bi or tricolour. Their eyes can vary from green and gold to blue and copper.


Like all cats, Maine Coons should have some exercise every day, so they don’t become overweight. They enjoy interactive playtime with toys like laser pointers, string or toy mice. They love to climb, so make sure they have a perch or something similar to enjoy.

While Maine Coon cats are happy to be indoor cats, access to outside space is preferable. This will provide them with plenty of opportunity for exercise and mental stimulation.


Being an intelligent cat, Maine Coons are relatively easy to train. Litter or toilet training will not be a problem. They can also be taught to play ‘fetch’ and open doors.


Temperament and behaviour

Maine Coon cats have great personalities. They’re playful, friendly and have a sweet temperament. They enjoy attention but aren’t too needy. They can also be quite talkative and are known for ‘chatting’ with their owners, especially if they want something.

Maine Coons can occasionally be found sleeping in the most unusual places. They have a high prey drive and make good hunters so prepare yourself for ‘small presents’ like mice and birds.

Common health problems

Even though they’re a strongly built, robust cat, there are a few health conditions Maine Coons suffer from that you should be aware of.

Hip dysplasia

Maine Coons can be affected by hip dysplasia, a genetic condition where the hip joint doesn’t develop properly. This causes pain and lameness. Signs are usually seen in cats that are less than a year old. The condition is usually managed with anti-inflammatory drugs or a veterinary prescribed diet, but surgery may be considered if the condition is severe.

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM)

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (commonly known as HCM) is a heart condition that can be inherited in certain cat breeds. In HCM, the heart muscle becomes abnormally thick, which prevents the heart from working properly. If this condition is recognised early enough, long-term medication can slow the disease down.

A specific genetic mutation has been identified in the Maine Coon and there is a DNA test available to identify cats at risk. These cats should not be bred from.

Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA)

Maine Coon cats can be affected by this inherited condition that causes muscle weakness and wasting. Affected cats will become wobbly on their legs. A DNA test is available to identify cats that carry the gene responsible for the condition.

There is no treatment, but affected cats do seem to stabilise and can thrive as indoor cats.

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD)

Polycystic kidney disease is a common health problem in middle-aged and elderly cats. Also known as autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease or AD-PKD, it can be inherited in certain cat breeds. Increased thirst, going to the toilet more often, weight loss and lack of appetite can be signs of the disease. Some treatments may help to improve the quality of life of an affected cat.


So, is a Maine Coon right for you?

Large and muscular, these cats are often described as ‘gentle giants’. Maine Coon cats are good-natured, affectionate and are a welcome presence in any home. They prefer company, so, if you’re at work all day consider getting a companion for your Maine Coon – two cats can be better than one.

Frequently asked questions

How much are Maine Coon cats?

A Maine Coon kitten can cost over £500, and an adult can cost over £1,500. It is best to buy one from a reputable breeder, who will have made sure that the kitten’s parents have had all the relevant health checks.

How big do Maine Coons get?

Maine Coons are large cats. A male cat can weigh over 5kg, but some have been known to weigh up to 9kg. Female Maine Coon cats are slightly smaller at around 3-5kg. They reach their full size at three to five years of age.

How long do Maine Coon cats live?

The lifespan of a Maine Coon cat is generally between ten and 13 years. Food and nutrition, exercise and good health care will all affect the lifespan of your cat.

Are Maine Coon cats allergy free?

No, as with any cat, Maine Coon cats are not hypoallergenic. If you suffer from cat allergies, keep this in mind if you’re thinking of welcoming one into your home.

Browse our guides

Choose from our list of helpful guides and information

Explore dog breeds

Find out how to keep your dog healthy and happy

Cat breed guides

How to care for your cat, common health problems and more


Content provided from Vetstream’s Vetlexicon

Vetstream Ltd (online) Maine Coon. In: Vetlexicon Felis. Vetstream Ltd, UK. Website:

Serena Brownlie, Phil Fox, Philip K Nicholls, Penny Watson (online) Heart: hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. In: Vetlexicon Felis. Vetstream Ltd, UK. Website:

Sorrel Langley-Hobbs, Adrian M Wallace (online) Hip: dysplasia. In: Vetlexicon Felis. Vetstream Ltd, UK. Website:

Laurent Garosi, Simon Platt (online) Spinal muscular atrophy (Maine Coon). In: Vetlexicon Felis. Vetsteam Ltd, UK. Website:

Martha Cannon, Rachel Korman (online) Kidney: autosomal dominant polycystic disease. In: Vetlexicon Felis. Vetstream Ltd, UK. Website:


Terms and conditions

Important information

* The discount is based on information related to you and the Sainsbury’s and Sainsbury’s Bank transactions linked to your Nectar account. For more information on how we use your data, go to

Sainsbury's Bank plc, Registered Office, 33 Holborn, London EC1N 2HT (registered in England and Wales, no. 3279730) is authorised by the Prudential Regulation Authority and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority and the Prudential Regulation Authority (register no. 184514). Sainsbury's Supermarkets Ltd is an appointed representative of Sainsbury's Bank plc.
Sainsbury's Bank plc acts as an introducer to Pinnacle Insurance plc who is authorised by the Prudential Regulation Authority and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority and the Prudential Regulation Authority (register number 110866). Registered Office: Pinnacle House, A1 Barnet Way, Borehamwood, Hertfordshire, WD6 2XX. Sainsbury’s Bank plc and Pinnacle Insurance plc are not part of the same corporate group.