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Pomeranian dog breed

Pomeranians are playful, cute and fluffy. What’s not to love? Learn more about the breed in this guide. Pet insurance provided by Pinnacle Insurance plc.

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Pomeranian information and advice

The Pomeranian, sometimes shortened to pom, is a popular dog breed. And it’s easy to see why. 

Pomeranians have distinctive fox-like features, with a long, pointed muzzle, dark eyes, and small upright ears. Their cute and cuddly appearance suits their gentle temperament. They make loveable family pets and are great with kids, as they love to play and be petted.

Originally, a larger dog, Pomeranians were bred for pulling sledges and herding animals. Their size was reduced through breeding to give us the small, pocket-sized companion we know today.

Pomeranian facts

Lifespan 12 - 16 years
How much £700 - £4,500
Size 18 - 30 cm
Weight 1.8 - 3.5 kg
Colours red, orange, cream/tan, sable, black, brown and blue/grey
Grooming brush 3 times per week
Temperament lively and loyal
Exercise 30 minutes to one hour a day, but no strenuous exercise

Pomeranian insurance

Pet insurance for your Pomeranian is one of the first thing you should think about when getting a new dog. All pups can be mischievous, and a Pomeranian puppy is no different. Taking out dog insurance for illnesses and accidents can help foot the bill of unexpected vet bills. 

Insurance can help make sure you can always give your dog the health care it needs. The Pomeranian temperament is lively and they can be clumsy – so accidents aren’t out of the question. Hereditary health issues can also show from a young age, so it’s important that your pet is covered before any problems arise.

Your Pomeranian may be more likely than other breeds to develop these health conditions: 

Sainsbury’s Bank Pet Insurance

You can take out pet insurance with Sainsbury’s Bank as soon as your pet is eight weeks old, right up until their eighth birthday. Once you have cover in place, your Pomeranian will be insured for their entire life – but you will need to continue to renew your policy.

How to care for a Pomeranian

Caring for your pet means making sure they get the right diet, exercise, training and grooming. In return, they’ll show you unconditional love.

Feeding and nutrition

Your Pom's diet needs to provide the right balance of nutrition and energy. There are many varieties of dog food available, so it can be hard to choose which one to go for. If you’re struggling, your vet will be able to give you advice on the best diet for your dog.

Pomeranians have small appetites and prefer to eat little and often. They need more food than you might expect given their size, as they burn calories quickly. Your Pomeranian puppy will have different needs to a Pomeranian dog. Feed your puppy up to four times a day. Lower this to three times a day for adult dogs.

You should weigh your Pomeranian’s food to make sure you’re not under or overfeeding them. You’ll find guideline measurements on food packaging, but you can also ask your vet for advice.


The Pomeranian is known for its big, fluffy coat. It has a dense undercoat and a long, straight topcoat. All this fur means you’ll need to brush it regularly to prevent matting. Three times a week should be enough, but brush more if it looks like it needs it. Keep an eye out for any tangles and mats. Some Pom dogs may need daily brushing and teeth cleaning, as well as a bath and nail trim every four to six weeks.


Pomeranians don’t need too much exercise and can thrive off 30 to 60 minutes a day. Be careful not to over-exercise your pup due to their small size and delicate bones. Split their walks up into two or more short ones and supplement with play sessions. 

Their fluffy coats mean this breed can overheat easily. So, don’t take them for long walks and be careful on hot, sunny days.

You can also exercise your pet in your garden but don’t leave them outside on their own. They’re small and can be seen as prey to wild animals.


Pomeranians can be difficult to train. But if you start house training from a young age, it’ll be easier to continue the training as they grow. Training classes are a good way of socialising your dog and picking up tips.

Barking is a learned behaviour that can be prevented by training. When your dog starts barking, distract it with a toy, then reward it with a treat when the barking stops.

Temperament and behaviour

Despite being small, the behaviour and personality of a Pomeranian is that of a big dog. They’re bold and not afraid to chase and bark at larger dogs. This isn’t ideal as their size could get them in trouble with an over-exuberant, bigger dog.

You should always take care when around other animals. Another dog may react to your dog’s barking and your pet could easily get hurt. Socialise your Pomeranian with other animals from an early age and take advantage of dog training too. You may not be able to stop the barking completely, but you may find their Pomeranian temperament around other animals becomes calmer.

Pomeranian health issues

Pomeranians are a robust breed and don’t suffer from many health problems. But there are still some common conditions you should be aware of:

Luxating patella

A luxating patella causes the kneecap to become unstable, which is painful for your pooch and can make moving difficult. You may find that your dog doesn’t want to use the affected leg and they may struggle to jump.

Surgery is often needed to correct the kneecap alignment. Physiotherapy may help with recovery, but normal exercise will be restricted for eight weeks.

Collapsing trachea

The trachea is your dog’s windpipe and it’s held in place by rigid rings. Pomeranians are prone to softer tracheal rings, which can cause the trachea to collapse. This narrows the airway making breathing difficult.

If you hear your dog making a ‘goose honking’ coughing noise, they may be suffering from a collapsed trachea. This is most noticeable when they’re excited or pulling on the lead. Your dog may collapse while coughing due to the lack of oxygen. You should visit your vet as soon as you can if you notice these signs.

To help your Pomeranian with this condition, you’ll need to restrict their exercise and use a harness when walking. They may also need to lose weight. Sedatives can be given to your dog for excessive excitement.

In some cases, surgery is needed. Artificial rings can be added to hold the trachea open, but the surgery is complicated and comes with risks. Your vet will be able to advise you on the best treatment for your Pomeranian.

Alopecia X

Alopecia is a hair loss condition causing patchy or complete hair loss. The cause is unknown, but it’s often hereditary. To treat the condition, your dog will be neutered and given injections. 

Dental problems

Dental hygiene is important for all breeds of dogs. Brushing their teeth should help protect them from tooth decay, loss, and tarter accumulation. Pomeranians can suffer from periodontal disease, which is when a build-up of plaque can cause inflammation and infection.

What colours of Pomeranian are there?

The most common and most popular coat is orange, closely followed by sable. Other colours include cream, white, black and brown. The rarest colours are lavender, brindle, wolf sable and blue. Although most colours are solid, some colour mixes can be found.

How much does a Pomeranian cost?

Prices can vary hugely between £700 - £4,500 depending on availability, whether or not the dog is KC registered, colour and popularity. The most expensive colours are the rarest, like blue, brindle, lavender and wolf sable.

It’s the buyer’s responsibility to buy from reputable Pomeranian breeders. You’ll get to meet at least one of the parents and find out about any hereditary health issues.

Are Pomeranians hypoallergenic?

Pomeranians don’t shed much fur – which helps reduce symptoms of dog allergies. No dog is truly hypoallergenic  as allergy sufferers are affected by the dog skin cells that are shed, not the fur.

If you’re an allergy sufferer, your Pomeranian may trigger fewer symptoms than other breeds.

How long do Pomeranians live?

A Pomeranian has a life expectancy of between 12 and 16 years. Your pet’s lifespan will be affected by their diet, exercise and health issues..

So, is a Pomeranian right for you?

Your Pomeranian will bring you infinite happiness. Their teddy bear appearance is well suited to their loving temperament. You’ll be surprised at how a small body can contain such a big personality. A Pomeranian can make the perfect companion.

Frequently asked questions

Are Pomeranians good pets?

Pom dogs make loyal and loving companions. They’re cute, don’t shed and have a playful personality. They’re described as happy-go-lucky dogs and will fit great into family life – as long as your children are old enough to distinguish a dog from a toy.

Do Pomeranians bark a lot?

Pomeranians are infamous for their yappy bark. They’re an alert breed and can be trained to be watchdogs. They may bark to alert their owner to a possible threat. They may also bark due to separation anxiety. 

Is it OK to leave a Pomeranian alone?

Once your Pomeranian is fully grown, it may be able to be left for six to eight hours. But every pet is different, and Poms can suffer from separation anxiety, which can prompt excessive barking and destructive behaviours.

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Vetstream ltd (online) Pomeranian. In: Vetlexicon Canis. Vetstream Ltd, UK. Website: opens in new window

Harari J & Arthurs G (online) Patella: lateral luxation. In: Vetlexicon Canis. Vetstream Ltd, UK. Website: opens in new window

Vetstream Ltd (online) Luxating patella Owner Factsheet. In: Vetlexicon Canis. Vetstream Ltd, UK. Website: opens in new window

Ford R & Tappin S (online) Trachea: collapse. In: Vetlexicon Canis. Vetstream Ltd, UK. Website: opens in new window

Vetstream Ltd (online) Collapsing trachea Owner Factsheet. In: Vetlexicon Canis. Vetstream Ltd, UK. Website: opens in new window

Vetstream Ltd (online) Skin: alopecia X. In: Vetlexicon Canis. Vetstream Ltd, UK. Website: opens in new window

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Sainsbury's Bank plc, Registered Office, 33 Holborn, London EC1N 2HT (registered in England and Wales, no. 3279730) is authorised by the Prudential Regulation Authority and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority and the Prudential Regulation Authority (register no. 184514). Sainsbury's Supermarkets Ltd is an appointed representative of Sainsbury's Bank plc.
Sainsbury's Bank plc acts as an introducer to Pinnacle Insurance plc who is authorised by the Prudential Regulation Authority and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority and the Prudential Regulation Authority (register number 110866). Registered Office: Pinnacle House, A1 Barnet Way, Borehamwood, Hertfordshire, WD6 2XX. Sainsbury’s Bank plc and Pinnacle Insurance plc are not part of the same corporate group.