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Pug dog breed

Before you take your new bundle of joy home, paws for thought and brush up on your Pug facts. Pet insurance provided by Pinnacle Insurance plc.

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Pug dog breed information and advice

Pugs can be a little divisive as a dog breed – there’s those who find them irrepressibly cute and then there’s those who don’t. Either way, you cannot deny these companion pups are an extremely popular breed of dog. But, because of this popularity, over-breeding has caused some serious Pug dog health issues.

If you’re looking to welcome a Pug into your home, make sure you’re buying one from a reputable breeder who is responsible and has the mum and pup’s welfare at heart.

When it comes to taking care of your Pug, our guide has information you need, including information about Pug temperament, exercise requirements and how much it can cost to buy a Pug puppy.

Pug facts

Lifespan 12 - 15 years
How much £500 - £2000
Size 25 - 36 cm
Weight 6.3 - 8.1 kg
Colours black, apricot, fawn, silver fawn
Grooming once a week
Temperament stubborn, friendly, docile, independent
Exercise 30 minutes daily

Pug insurance

As a brachycephalic breed of dog, sadly there are some common health issues that your Pug is likely to develop due to their shorter nose and flatter face. 

These Pug health problems include:

Pet insurance for your Pug may help cover the costs of vet treatments and any unexpected illnesses or injuries.

As your Pug is prone to developing these conditions at some point in their life, it’s important to consider getting insurance sooner rather than later as most policies will not cover pre-existing illnesses. As with all insurances, policy limits, excesses and exclusions will apply.

Sainsbury’s Bank Pet Insurance

Sainsbury’s Bank Pet Insurance can protect your Pug puppy from as young as eight weeks old. We also cover older Pugs if you take out insurance before their eighth birthday. Once you have cover in place, we’ll insure them for their entire life – as long as you renew your policy year after year.

You may decide to take out one of the following Sainsbury’s Bank Pet Insurance policies for your pug:

  • Lifetime Insurance – this comprehensive cover may pay up to £10,000 towards vet costs if your Pug needs treatment.
  • Maximum Benefit Insurance – this policy allows you to claim for the same Pug health problem multiple times, as long as you don’t exceed your chosen policy limit. 
  • Time-limited Insurance – this insurance may help you financially towards the cost of short-term Pug dog health issues.

How to care for a Pug

It’s not just cuddles that show your Pug puppy how much you care. Along with the best insurance for your pug, you need to make sure you’re on top of your dog’s diet, exercise, grooming and training. 

Our Pug care guide will help you to keep your pup in tip-top shape.

Feeding and nutrition

Your breeder will tell you what food they have been feeding your Pug puppy. It’s best to continue with the same type of dog food once you get them home. A quick change in their diet can lead to an upset tummy so, when it comes to changing their food, you’ll need to do it slowly over time. Add a small amount of new food in with the old food, increasing the new and decreasing the old each day. Eventually, you will be left with a bowl of new food.

Beware – Pugs are greedy dogs. You will need to watch what they eat as they can easily become overweight. As Pugs have shortened noses, they are prone to breathing difficulties. So, the more weight they’re carrying, the harder they’ll find it to breathe.

To make sure your dog is eating the correct amount, weigh the food according to the guidelines given on the back of the food packaging. Split this daily amount into two separate meals for morning and evening. This will keep your dog’s hunger satisfied for longer. Also, keep the fatty treats and dinner leftovers to an absolute minimum.


Pugs have short fur that needs brushing weekly, and they shed throughout the year. Brushing will help to remove the loose fur. The more you remove, the less there is to stick to your furniture and clothes. 

Their coat will never need trimming, but it will need washing monthly. You'll also need to gently clean their facial folds with a damp cloth daily. They will not be able to clean these folds itself and this can cause Pug health problems if left.


Pugs are lazy by nature and would happily sleep most of the day. But, as they’re prone to putting on weight, they need their daily exercise. Pugs need at least 30 minutes a day – if this is too much for them in one go, you can split it into two shorter walks. Playing games with your dog is a great form of exercise and gives them the mental and physical stimulation to help keep them fit, healthy and at a healthy weight.


Training your Pug may be difficult. They’re a stubborn breed and will test your patience. But all dogs can learn with time and repetition. 

Start by house training your dog. The breeder may have started your Pug puppy’s toilet training, which will make the process easier for you. Give your dog the chance to go to the toilet in the designated toilet area regularly. Give a command such as ‘go for a wee’ and praise your Pug when they go in the right place.

Further training will be easier when toilet training has been mastered. You can take your dog to training classes for tips and support. Pugs respond well to food rewards but be careful they don’t have too many as they tend to have a high fat content.

Temperament and behaviour

Pugs are an independent breed and are happy to entertain themselves, so give them plenty of toys to play with. They rarely show aggression to humans or other dogs and are quick to make doggy friends. 

A Pug’s temperament is loving, and they show lots of affection towards their owners.

Pugs may be stubborn at times but they’re generally well behaved.

Common Pug health issues

You should take your Pug to the vet regularly and the right dog insurance could help cover the costs if you need it. There are some common problems found in Pugs that vets will need to keep an eye on.

Make sure to insure your Pug puppy as early as possible, as most insurance policies will not be able to cover your Pug for pre-existing conditions.

Luxating patella

Luxating patella is a condition where the kneecap does not slide into the groove of the thigh bone. Instead, it jumps out and ‘locks up’, causing pain to the dog and making the knee difficult to bend. Sometimes the kneecap will jump in and out of place, resulting in temporary lameness. In most cases, it’s permanently in the wrong place. Surgery is required to realign the kneecap and make the groove deeper so that it’s unable to jump out.

Brachycephalic airway obstruction syndrome

Overweight dogs will suffer more from this condition. The only way to fully resolve the problem is to surgically remove excess tissue and open up the airways.

Spine hemivertebra

This condition refers to one or more deformed vertebrae that leads to incorrect alignment in the dog’s spine. Spinal cords or nerves can be squashed and damaged as a result, causing pain, instability, loss of leg function and incontinence. It usually affects dogs that are under a year of age. Signs may not be noticed until after a sudden jump, fall or spinal trauma. Spinal surgery will be required to realign and stabilise the vertebra.


Is a Pug right for you?

Most people are drawn to Pugs because of their cute appearance and loving personality. They make great companions and will show you lots of affection. 

They may need a little more training than other dog breeds because of their stubbornness, but generally you won’t be disappointed with their behaviour. If you’re looking for a friendly, fun-loving companion to join your family, this may be the breed for you.

Frequently asked questions

What is a pug?

Pugs are a breed of dog that was originally bred in China to be a companion to nobility and royalty. They also have connections to the Buddhist religion. You may hear the term “Baby Pug”, this is the name given to the toy size of this breed.

How long do Pugs live?

Pugs have a life expectancy of 12-15 years. Health problems and accidents may shorten this lifespan. Keep your dog at a healthy weight by exercising and feeding them the correct diet to reduce the risks of health issues from developing.

Can Pugs swim?

Yes, technically Pugs can swim, but not very well. All dogs have a natural instinct to ‘doggy paddle’ when in water, but a Pug will find it difficult to do so because of the build and shape of their body. Pugs do like water, especially during hot weather. Your dog would benefit from a shallow pool that they can lie down in to help them cool down.

Can Pugs be left alone?

Yes, while some Pugs may never be happy dogs when left on their own, others may be fine for a few hours a day. But separation anxiety is common in Pugs due to their loving and sociable Pug temperament. You should never leave your Pug for over four hours at a time

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Content provided from Vetstream's Vetlexicon opens in new window

Vetstream ltd (online) Pug. In: Vetlexicon Canis. Vetstream Ltd, UK. Website: opens in new window

Braund K & Garosui L (online) Spine: hemivertebra. In: Vetlexicon Canis. Vetstream Ltd, UK. Website: opens in new window

Johnson L, Sammarco J & Haar G (online) Brachycephalic airway obstruction syndrome. In: Vetlexicon Canis. Vetstream Ltd, UK. Website: opens in new window

Vetstream Ltd (online) Brachycephalic upper airway obstruction syndrome BUAOS Owner Factsheet. In: Vetlexicon Canis. Vetstream Ltd, UK. Website: opens in new window

Harari J & Arthurs G (online) Patella: medial luxation. In: Vetlexicon Canis. Vetstream Ltd, UK. Website: opens in new window

Vetstream Ltd (online) Luxating patella Owner Factsheet. In: Vetlexicon Canis. Vetstream Ltd, UK. Website: opens in new window

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* Guaranteed discount for Nectar members: The discount is based on information related to you and the transactions you've made with Sainsbury's supermarkets and Sainsbury's Bank using your Nectar card. For more information go to

Sainsbury's Bank plc, Registered Office, 33 Holborn, London EC1N 2HT (registered in England and Wales, no. 3279730) is authorised by the Prudential Regulation Authority and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority and the Prudential Regulation Authority (register no. 184514). Sainsbury's Supermarkets Ltd is an appointed representative of Sainsbury's Bank plc.
Sainsbury's Bank plc acts as an introducer to Pinnacle Insurance plc who is authorised by the Prudential Regulation Authority and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority and the Prudential Regulation Authority (register number 110866). Registered Office: Pinnacle House, A1 Barnet Way, Borehamwood, Hertfordshire, WD6 2XX. Sainsbury’s Bank plc and Pinnacle Insurance plc are not part of the same corporate group.