Bulldog breed information and advice

There’s no mistaking the Bulldog; chunky, laid back with grizzled good looks, this dog breed is instantly recognisable and popular. Welcome a Bulldog, also known as a British Bulldog or English Bulldog, into your home and what can you expect? A friendly bundle of fun who’ll probably spend most of their time dozing – but they’ll look ever-so cute doing it.

If you’re looking at Bulldog puppies and wanting to add a new member of the family, this dog breed guide contains loads of Bulldog facts. Find out more about how much Bulldogs cost, their size, weight, temperament, life expectancy, plus information on common health problems.

Bulldog facts

Lifespan 8-10 years
How much £1300-3500
Size 31-40 cm
Weight 23-25 kg
Grooming once a week
Temperament docile, friendly
Colour brindle, piebald, solid red, fawn or white.
Exercise 30 minutes daily



Bulldog insurance

Unfortunately, Bulldogs are known for suffering from health issues. And some health conditions common in this breed will need treatment at some point. That’s why it’s important to get pet insurance for your Bulldog to make sure these conditions are covered. Treatments can be expensive and a cause for concern for most dog owners. Dog insurance will help cover your dog’s health care needs, helping you to pay for the likes of surgery, medication and vet consultations.

Sainsbury’s Bank Pet Insurance

Sainsbury’s Bank Pet Insurance can protect your Bulldog puppies as young as 8 weeks old. We also cover older Bulldogs if you take out insurance before their 5th birthday. Once you have cover in place, we’ll insure your Bulldog for their entire life - as long as you renew your policy year after year. For Bulldogs, we’re unable to provide our £10,000 lifetime cover.

How to care for a Bulldog

The British Bulldog is an easy-going breed; their grooming and exercise needs are minimal. But there are some common health conditions to keep an eye out for.

Ask the breeder which dog food they have been feeding your Bulldog puppy; you should continue to feed your dog this food when you take it home. Do not change the food brand or type quickly as it will cause an upset tummy. To change the food, add small amounts of the new food to the old food, gradually removing some of the old and replacing with some of the new.

Bulldog puppies should be fed 3-4 times a day, reducing the times and increasing the amount per portion as they get older. An adult Bulldog should look to be fed 1-2 times a day. Splitting the food into two meals will keep your Bulldog feeling satisfied for longer.

Bulldogs are chunky by design, but don’t give them the chance to tip over the scales. Make sure you weigh their dog food, using the guidelines on the back of the food packaging. Nutritional content is also available on the packaging; speak to your vet if you are unsure of the nutrients your Bulldog needs.

Bulldog grooming needs are fairly minimal; they do shed but not as much as other breeds. Brushing your dog once a week will help to remove loose hairs. You should bathe your English Bulldog at least once a month to keep their coat clean and skin healthy. Clean their face and ears with a damp cloth but not with dog shampoo, to avoid causing any irritation. Check your dog’s eyes and ears regularly for signs of infection, including redness or inflammation.

Your dog will need their claws trimming every 3-4 weeks. If left too long they can curl around and dig into the paw, causing pain and an infection. You can learn to cut the nails yourself or take your dog to a groomer or your vet. When cutting nails be careful of the quick, it has nerves and blood vessels within it.

Walking your dog is the best form of exercise. Your British Bulldog will need about 30 minutes of exercise daily; it's best to split this time into two shorter walks, especially in hot weather conditions. This will prevent your dog from getting too hot. Playing games with your dog is another great form of exercise and will mentally stimulate them.

Bulldogs are obedient and learn quickly. They're food driven so use treats as a reward to help with the training. You will have greater success if you start teaching your dog from a young age. Most breeders will have started toilet training your English Bulldog puppy, but this is usually done with puppy pads. To continue this on to house training, give your dog lots of chances to go to the toilet outside. Every time they head towards the puppy pad, let them go out or take them out. You may have more success if you put a puppy pad outside to start with. For more training tips, you can attend training classes.



Temperament and behaviour

Bulldogs have a gentle personality and make friends easily, with both people and dogs. They can also get along with cats if they are raised with them from a young age. They can be possessive over their food, so should be fed separately to other animals.

Their docile behaviour makes them easy to train and they are generally well behaved albeit a little bit stubborn if they want to be. If left alone, it is best to give them toys to play with to keep them entertained. They like to chew and will happily chew on a shoe if that is all they have around.

Common health problems

The Bulldog is a brachycephalic breed and is therefore prone to some health issues that may affect their lifespan, especially if they are left untreated. British Bulldog pet insurance will help to cover the cost of any treatment needed, so you can afford to give your dog the health care that it needs.

Eye problems are common in this breed. Distichiasis is where extra eyelashes grow too close to the cornea causing irritation and pain. A prolapsed nictitans gland is where the edge of the gland protrudes as a red mass in the corner of the eye. Other common conditions are listed below:

Entropion is when part or all of the eyelid rolls inward. Ectropion is when the eyelid rolls out, the most common form being a sagging of the lower lid. These conditions can affect one or both eyes and upper or lower lids in English Bulldogs. If the eyelid rolls inwards, the eyelashes can rub against the eye and cause painful scratches. This can lead to ulcers and blindness if left untreated. Generally, they are inherited conditions, but they can also be caused by eye irritations. Both conditions will need surgery to fix the problem, and English Bulldog health insurance can help cover the cost.

Dystocia refers to a difficulty giving birth, which can cause health problems and possibly death for both the mother and the puppies. Bulldogs suffering from dystocia need medical therapy from a vet, and in some cases, a caesarean section is needed to deliver the puppies.

This condition is common in short nosed breeds, also known as brachycephalic breeds, such as British Bulldogs. The nose and throat are made up of tissues; short nosed dogs have the same amount of tissue but in a smaller space. The tissues are squashed causing folds and wrinkles, which obstruct the airways making it difficult for them to breathe. First signs of the condition include noisy breathing, loud snoring, and reluctance or inability to exercise due to the increased demand for oxygen. Overweight dogs are more at risk of this condition. To treat the problem, surgical removal of some of the tissue is needed to clear the airway.



So, is a Bulldog right for you?

If you’re looking for a friendly, docile companion to join your family, a Bulldog could be the dog for you. Their low maintenance exercise and grooming needs mean that they are one of the easier dog breeds to care for. They won’t demand lots of attention but they do enjoy a cuddle and some playtime.

How long do British Bulldogs live?

British Bulldogs have an average lifespan of 8-10 years. This can be affected by health problems, so it’s important to take your dog for regular vet health checks. Most conditions can be treated or managed, preventing your dog from being in pain. Exercise and the correct diet will keep your dog happy and healthy.

Are Bulldogs dangerous?

English Bulldogs are not considered a dangerous breed. They’re friendly with other animals and people and rarely show signs of aggression. You should socialise your dog from a young age to teach them not to fear other dogs.

Do Bulldogs shed?

All dogs shed to some extent, but the Bulldog is a minimal shedder. You should brush your dog weekly to help remove any loose fur and keep their coat clean and healthy.

Can Bulldogs swim?

Bulldogs find it difficult to swim due to their short noses. They have to tilt their head back to keep their nose out of the water, which causes their backend to drop, making it difficult to stay afloat. You should keep your dog away from deep water or fit them with a doggy life jacket to help them stay afloat.

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Content provided from Vetstream's Vetlexicon Canis - www.vetstream.com/treat/canis

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