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Bulldog dog breed

Learn more about the courageous Bulldog personality and temperament in this guide. Information and advice. Pet insurance provided by Pinnacle Insurance plc.

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Bulldog dog breed information and advice

There’s no mistaking the Bulldog; chunky, laid back with grizzled good looks, this dog breed is instantly recognisable and popular. Welcome a Bulldog, also known as an English Bulldog or Bull Dog, into your home and what can you expect?

A friendly bundle of fun who’ll probably spend most of their time dozing – but they’ll look ever-so cute doing it.

If you’re looking at introducing a Bulldog puppy to the family, get up to speed with English Bulldog facts so you know what to expect when you bring your new best friend home.

Find out more about Bulldog temperament, their size, weight, and life expectancy, as well as Bulldog health issues to be aware of.

Bulldog facts

Lifespan 8 - 10 years
How much £1300 - £3700
Size 31 - 40 cm
Weight 23 - 25 kg
Colours brindle, piebald, solid red, fawn or white
Grooming once a week
Temperament docile, friendly
Exercise 30 minutes daily

Bulldog insurance

Unfortunately, Bulldogs are known for suffering from specific breed-related health issues that they may need treatment for at some point in their lives. These include:

It’s very important for you to consider getting pet insurance for your Bulldog to make sure these conditions are covered.

If you do decide to get pet insurance, you should do this as soon as possible – before any of these diseases develop – as you will not be able to claim for existing conditions.

Treatments can be expensive and a cause for concern for most dog owners. Dog insurance may help cover your dog’s health care needs, like paying for surgery, medication and vet consultations. As with all insurances, policy limits, excesses and exclusions will apply.

Sainsbury’s Bank Pet Insurance for Bulldogs

Sainsbury’s Bank Pet Insurance can protect your Bulldog puppy from as young as eight weeks old. We also cover older Bulldogs if you take out insurance before their 5th birthday.

Once you have cover in place, we’ll insure your Bulldog for their entire life – as long as you renew your policy year after year. But please note that we’re unable to provide our £10,000 lifetime cover for Bulldogs.

Here are the types of Sainsbury’s Bank Pet Insurance that you can take out for your Bulldog:

  • Time-limited cover – may help towards vet treatments for a new condition up to £3,000 or 12 months of treatment.
  • Maximum Benefit insurance – enables allows you to claim vet fees per condition your dog develops during your policy (up to policy limits)
  • Multi-pet † – keep things simple with all your pets’ policies linked.

How to care for a Bulldog

The British Bulldog is an easy-going breed, and their grooming and exercise needs are minimal. But there are some common English Bulldog health conditions to keep an eye out for.

Feeding and nutrition

Ask the breeder which dog food they have been feeding your Bulldog puppy, you should continue to feed your dog this food when you take it home. Do not change the food brand or type quickly as it will cause an upset tummy.

To change the food, add small amounts of the new food to the old food, gradually removing some of the old and replacing with some of the new.

A Bulldog puppy should be fed three to four times a day, reducing the times and increasing the amount per portion as they get older. An adult Bulldog should look to be fed one to two times a day. Splitting the food into two meals will keep your Bulldog feeling satisfied for longer.

Bulldogs are chunky by design, but don’t give them the chance to tip over the scales. Make sure you weigh their dog food, using the guidelines on the back of the food packaging.

Nutritional content is also available on the packaging; speak to your vet if you are unsure of the nutrients you need to keep your Bulldog healthy.


Bulldog grooming needs are fairly minimal; they do shed but not as much as other breeds. Brushing your dog once a week will help to remove loose hairs.

You should bathe your English Bulldog at least once a month to keep their coat clean and skin healthy. Clean their face and ears with a damp cloth but not with dog shampoo, to avoid causing any irritation.

Check your dog’s eyes and ears regularly for signs of infection, including redness or inflammation.

Your dog will need their claws trimming every three to four weeks. If left too long they can curl around and dig into the paw, causing pain and an infection. You can learn to cut the nails yourself or take your dog to a groomer or your vet. When cutting nails be careful of the quick (the centre of the nail), as it has nerves and blood vessels within it.


Walking your dog is the best form of exercise. Your English Bulldog will need about 30 minutes of exercise daily; it's best to split this time into two shorter walks, especially in hot weather conditions. This will prevent your dog from getting too hot. Playing games with your dog is another great form of exercise and will mentally stimulate them.


Bulldogs are obedient and learn quickly. They're food driven so use treats as a reward to help with the training. You will have greater success if you start teaching your dog from a young age. Most breeders will have started toilet training your English Bulldog training as a puppy, but this is usually done with puppy pads. To continue this on to house training, give your dog lots of chances to go to the toilet outside. Every time they head towards the puppy pad, let them go out or take them out. You may have more success if you put a puppy pad outside to start with. For more training tips, you can attend training classes.

Temperament and behaviour

Bulldogs have a gentle temperament. They make friends easily, with both people and dogs. They can also get along with cats if they are raised with them from a young age. They can be possessive over their food, so should be fed separately to other animals.

The docile Bulldog personality makes them easy to train and they are generally well behaved – albeit a little bit stubborn if they want to be. If left alone, it is best to give them toys to play with to keep them entertained. They like to chew and will happily chew on a shoe if that is all they have around.

Common health problems

The Bulldog is a brachycephalic breed and is therefore prone to some health issues that may affect their lifespan, especially if they are left untreated.

Brachycephalic is when a breed has a shortened head. This explains why Bulldogs have flatter faces and short snouts. Due to this, brachycephalic breeds have a higher risk of developing certain conditions throughout their lifetime.

British Bulldog pet insurance could help to cover the cost of any treatment needed, so you can afford to give your dog the health care that it needs.

Some common Bulldog health issues include:


Eye problems are common in this Bulldogs. Distichiasis is where extra eyelashes grow too close to the cornea, causing irritation and pain. A prolapsed nictitans gland is where the edge of the gland protrudes as a red mass in the corner of the eye.


Entropion is when part or all of the eyelid rolls inward. Ectropion is when the eyelid rolls out, the most common form being a sagging of the lower lid. These conditions can affect one or both eyes and upper or lower lids in English Bulldogs. If the eyelid rolls inwards, the eyelashes can rub against the eye and cause painful scratches. This can lead to ulcers and blindness if left untreated.

Generally, these are inherited conditions, but they can also be caused by eye irritations. Both conditions will need surgery to fix the problem, and English Bulldog health insurance can help cover the cost.


Brachycephalic airway obstruction syndrome (BAOS)

So, is a Bulldog right for you?

If you’re looking for a friendly, docile companion to join your family, a Bulldog could be the dog for you.

Their low maintenance exercise and grooming needs mean that they are one of the easier dog breeds to care for. They won’t demand lots of attention, but they do enjoy a cuddle and some playtime.

Frequently Asked Questions

How long do British Bulldogs live?

British Bulldogs have an average lifespan of eight to ten years. This can be affected by health problems, so it’s important to take your dog for regular vet health checks. Most conditions can be treated or managed, preventing your dog from being in pain. Exercise and the correct diet will keep your dog happy and healthy.

Are Bulldogs dangerous?

English Bulldogs are not considered a dangerous breed. They’re friendly with other animals and people and rarely show signs of aggression. You should socialise your dog from a young age to teach them not to fear other dogs.

Do Bulldogs shed?

All dogs shed to some extent, but the Bulldog is a minimal shedder. You should brush your dog weekly to help remove any loose fur and keep their coat clean and healthy.

Can Bulldogs swim?

Bulldogs find it difficult to swim due to their short noses. They have to tilt their head back to keep their nose out of the water, which causes their backend to drop, making it difficult to stay afloat. You should keep your dog away from deep water or fit them with a doggy life jacket to help them stay afloat.

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Vetstream Ltd (online) Bulldog. In: Vetlexicon Canis. Vetstream Ltd, UK. Website: opens in new window

Brooks D E, Walker R & Williams D L (online) Entropion. In: Vetlexicon Canis. Vetstream Ltd, UK. Website: opens in new window

Vetstream Ltd (online) Entropion Owner Factsheet. In: Vetlexicon Canis. Vetstream Ltd, UK. Website: opens in new window

Braund K & Davidson A P (online) Dystocia. In: Vetlexicon Canis. Vetstream Ltd, UK. Website: opens in new window

Johnson L, Sammarco J & ter Haar G (online) Brachycephalic airway obstruction syndrome. In: Vetlexicon Canis. Vetstream Ltd, UK. Website: opens in new window

Vetstream Ltd (online) Brachycephalic upper airway obstruction syndrome (BUAOS) Owner Factsheet. In: Vetlexicon Canis. Vetstream Ltd, UK. Website: opens in new window

Terms and conditions

Important information

* Guaranteed discount for Nectar members: The discount is based on information related to you and the transactions you've made with Sainsbury's supermarkets and Sainsbury's Bank using your Nectar card. For more information go to

† Multi-pet discount is a minimum of £24 when insuring more than one pet as this is worked out at £1 per pet per month for each pet on a policy. Pets can have different cover levels. Discount deducted separately from any other offer.

Sainsbury's Bank plc, Registered Office, 33 Holborn, London EC1N 2HT (registered in England and Wales, no. 3279730) is authorised by the Prudential Regulation Authority and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority and the Prudential Regulation Authority (register no. 184514). Sainsbury's Supermarkets Ltd is an appointed representative of Sainsbury's Bank plc.
Sainsbury's Bank plc acts as an introducer to Pinnacle Insurance plc who is authorised by the Prudential Regulation Authority and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority and the Prudential Regulation Authority (register number 110866). Registered Office: Pinnacle House, A1 Barnet Way, Borehamwood, Hertfordshire, WD6 2XX. Sainsbury’s Bank plc and Pinnacle Insurance plc are not part of the same corporate group.